New Born Do’s and Don’ts

New Born Do’s and Don’ts

The average duration of pregnancy is 40 weeks. A baby born after this period weighs 2.8 kg. Following are the characteristics of a normal newborn baby:

• Weight 2.5 – 3.5 kg.
• Length 50 cm.
• Head circumference 35 cm.
• Heart rate 120 – 140 per minute.
• Respiratory rates 30 – 40 per minute.

The normal baby is slightly bluish for a short while when born but after birth he becomes pink within a few hours. Urine passes during birth or immediately after birth. The first stool, which the baby passes, is known as meconium. It is black in color and passes within the first day. The newly born infant is normally ready for breastfeeding within 3 – 4 hours after birth.

New Born Do’s and Don’ts

Do breastfeed your baby exclusively.

Don’t ever feed your newborn baby with juice or water.

Always use an iron fortified infant formula if you don’t want to breastfeed.

Don’t shake your baby. It can cause Shaken Baby Syndrome, with severe head injuries, brain damage, and even death.

Always put your baby to sleep on his back.

Always respond to your baby when he/she cries.

Support your baby''s head and neck when you pick him up.

Never heat your baby''s bottles in the microwave.

Nutrient requirements for newborn babies from birth to six months

• Protein: 13 grams
• Iron: 6 milligrams
• Calcium: 400 milligrams
• Vitamin A: 375 RE
• Vitamin C: 30 milligrams

Newborn Jaundice

Jaundice in babies usually occurs because their immature livers are not efficient at removing bilirubin from the blood. Jaundice is a yellow discoloration of the skin and the white part of the eyes. It results due to the presence of excessive bilirubin in the blood.

Physiologic jaundice is the most common form of newborn jaundice. The bilirubin that causes the yellow discoloration of jaundice is called unconjugated bilirubin. It is not easily removed from the newborn baby''s body. The baby''s liver changes this unconjugated bilirubin into conjugated bilirubin, which is easier to remove. The livers of newborn babies are immature. Polycythemia is a condition in which a child is born with an excess of red blood cells. A mother having diabetes may cause a baby to develop neonatal jaundice.

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